Urinary Tract Infection

What is a urinary (YOOR-uh-nair-ee) tract infection (UTI)? A UTI is an infection anywhere in the urinary tract. The urinary tract makes and stores urine and removes it from the body. Parts of the urinary tract include: Kidneys — collect…

Varicose Veins

What are varicose veins and spider veins? Varicose (VAR-i-kos) veins are enlarged veins that can be blue, red, or flesh-colored. They often look like cords and appear twisted and bulging. They can be swollen and raised above the surface of…

Insomnia

What is insomnia? Insomnia is a common sleep disorder. If you have insomnia, you may: Lie awake for a long time and have trouble falling asleep Wake up a lot and have trouble returning to sleep Wake up too early…

Fibromyalgia

What is fibromyalgia? Fibromyalgia (fye-bro-mye-AL-ja) is a disorder that causes aches and pain all over the body. People with fibromyalgia also have “tender points” throughout their bodies. Tender points are specific places on the neck, shoulders, back, hips, arms, and…

Acne Treatments

How is mild acne treated? There are many treatments for mild acne. Mild acne can consist of whiteheads, blackheads and small pustules. At home, you can wash your face twice per day with warm water and a gentle cleanser or…

Acne Types and Triggers

What are the different types of acne lesions? Comedo (whiteheads or blackheads) or papules. The comedo is the basic acne lesion, which is a plugged pore. If the plugged pore stays under the skin, it’s called a closed comedo and…

Acne

What is acne? Acne is a disorder that causes outbreaks of skin lesions commonly called pimples. It is caused by the skin’s oil glands making too much sebum, an oily substance, which leads to plugged pores. It also can be…

Osteoporosis Treatments

What Can I Do For My Osteoporosis? Treating osteoporosis means stopping the bone loss and rebuilding bone to prevent breaks. Diet and exercise can help make your bones stronger. But, they may not be enough if you have lost a…

Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis: The Bone Thief Bone is living tissue. To keep bones strong, your body breaks down old bone and replaces it with new bone tissue. As people enter their 40s and 50s, more bone may be broken down than is…

HPV (human papillomavirus) Virus

What is the HPV (human papillomavirus) Virus?   HPV (human papillomavirus) is a sexually transmitted virus. It is passed on through genital contact (such as vaginal and anal sex). It is also passed on by skin-to-skin contact. At least 50%…

Mammography

What is a Mammography? A mammogram is a low-dose x-ray picture of the breast. Mammograms can help detect breast cancer when it is in its early, most treatable stages. Get the facts about mammograms.   FDA regulates the standards for…

Menopause Medications

Menopause Medications Menopause (sometimes called “the change of life”) is a normal time in a woman’s life when her period stops. During menopause, a woman’s body makes less of the hormones estrogen and progesterone. Lower hormone levels may lead to…